Nor do very many Americans self-identify as socially liberal but economically conservative. Just 3 percent did so in a 2012 Gallup poll, in fact. Even fewer Americans — just 1 percent — fall into the category Krugman calls “hardhats,” that is, people who are socially conservative but economically liberal.But if you ask them about particular issues, you get a very different picture. Many more Americans hold liberal positions about things like Social Security and Medicare than admit to being liberal, and many more hold mixed views. The number of people who hold what this chart calls Libertarian views is more than twice the number who identify as Libertarian.
This confusion bedevils American politics. It makes things especially difficult for a Republican Party that needs the votes of self-identified conservatives who really love big government. That's why we keep seeing plans that convert Medicare to a private program eventually while keeping it just the way it is for people already retired, and other attempts to somehow finesse this conundrum.
The confusion also creates opportunities for people like Lyndon Johnson, who built his whole Congressional and Senatorial career around coming across as a Texas conservative while often voting as a New Deal liberal.