A quick tour of some of the ways Cleopatra VII Philopator (69-30 BCE) has been portrayed in western art, beginning with a possible contemporary portrait, now in Berlin.
Cleopatra as an Egyptian goddess, contemporary.
Cleopatra's Suicide, from the catacombs on the Via Latina.
Manuscript illustration from France, 1300 to 1310 CE. Here the image of Cleopatra holding the fatal asp to her breast has been confused or deliberately merged with the ancient image of the mother of monsters nursing her brood.
The Suicides of Anthony and Cleopatra, Italian, c. 1480, from a manuscript of Boccaccio's Decameron. This one also has a little of the mother of monsters theme.
Antoine Dufour, 1505.
Famous drawing by Michelangelo.
Elisabetta Sirani, c. 1650. Cleopatra dropping the pearl in her wine.
Cleopatra's Feast by Jacob Jordaens, 1653; Cleopatra as a plump Flemish matron.
In the 18th Century: Cleopatra and the Dying Mark Anthony by Pompeo Batoni, 1763.
Cleopatra as an exotic (and cruel) Oriental: Cleopatra Testing Poisons on Condemned Prisoners, by Alexandre Cabanel, 1823.
Femme fatale: Cleopatra by Mosè Bianchi, 1865.
Lawrence Alma-Tadema, The First Meeting of Cleopatra and Antony, 1885, and detail. Note the spider web pattern in the cloth shielding her from the sun.
Brooding and dangerous: John William Waterhouse, 1888.
Liz Taylor, 1963.
And in an Afrocentric 20th-century version you can buy from hundreds of web sites, none of which credit an artist.