At the siege of Megara, Antigonus brought his elephants into the attack; but the Megarians daubed some swine with pitch, set fire to it, and let them loose among the elephants. The pigs grunted and shrieked under the torture of the fire, and sprang forwards as hard as they could among the elephants, who broke their ranks in confusion and fright, and ran off in different directions. From this time onwards, Antigonus ordered the Indians, when they trained up their elephants, to bring up swine among them; so that the elephants might thus become accustomed to the sight of them, and to their noise.–Polyaenus: Stratagems, IV, 6
All accounts of flaming war pigs go back to this one source, so whether this actually happened is as unclear as with catapulting pots full of poisonous snakes. For some thoughts on how ancient Greek and Roman armies actually neutralized elephants, see here.
Wasn't Dumbo afraid of a mouse? Or have I confused my elephants?
In this particular tale, though, we have an animal on fire running this way and that way letting loose horrible screams of death. Also, burning tar mixed with burning flesh stinks times 10 and probably would stop even an elephant in its tracks. Perhaps pigs weren't the determining factor? Just a guess.
Look for mith busters: elephants afraid of mouse!
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