We found that the Neandertals from Spy Cave consumed woolly rhinoceros and European wild sheep, supplemented with wild mushrooms. Those from El Sidrón Cave on the other hand showed no evidence for meat consumption, but appeared instead to have a largely vegetarian diet.So there you have it. Not only was there no single "paleo" diet, there was much diversity in eating habits between these two groups of Neanderthals. Note that dietary plaque doesn't represent just the last meal, but builds up over years.
Friday, March 10, 2017
Neanderthal Dietary Diversity
have analyzed the dental plaque of Neanderthals, and they think that from the DNA in the plaque they have learned something about what these ancient people ate. As usual I am suspending judgment until we have more data, but I wanted to pass on what I think is the most interesting finding: