It's a small sample but it suggests a tweak to the model of Indo-European expansion. Perhaps the first invaders into the settled lands of Europe were complete tribes, men, women and children. But once they had established themselves in the new environment, perhaps it was mostly male war bands that spread the conquest farther west; and perhaps this change went along with the change from a nomadic model, in which whole communities were on the move, to a settled model in which most people stayed home and only armies marched to conquer new lands.
Tuesday, June 28, 2022
Women of the Indo-European Migration
Juras et al., which I just read, presents some data. They sampled mitochondrial DNA from nine people of the Corded Ware culture, which spread across Europe from France to Poland in the early Bronze Age. They find that in the east (Poland, the Czech Republic) the mitochondrial DNA is derived from the steppes, but in Germany it was derived from earlier Neolithic populations.