Jiroft in southern Iran. Consider this game board, essentially identical to the one found in the royal tombs at Ur. (Hundreds of gaming pieces have been found in graves at Shahr-I Sokhta, so they were big on board games.) Stamp seals identical to examples from the Indus Valley have also been found. Playing the game of trying to find the city in Mesopotamian records, some excavators think it may be Aratta, a place named in the Gilgamesh epic that the Sumerians placed "where the sun rises" and said was full of lapis lazuli and gold.
a lot of work there lately think the city was divided into several largely independent neighborhoods, each perhaps inhabited by a tribe or clan. (This model has also been applied to the Indus Valley cities, especially Harappa.)UNESCO, but neither they nor any of the other internet sites that reproduce it say what those little house things are. I want them to be ancient grave markers but I have a feeling they are modern.
We have a potter buried with jars full of glazes and a stone carver buried with tools and pieces of chlorite. But, again, no kings or queens. Also not a lot of differentiation between male and female internments; everyone wore the same sort of jewelry, lots of beaded bracelets and lapis pendants. Women also have just as many seals as men, which suggests they controlled their own property. Weapons are rare.These Italians think that the divisions of wealth in the city got greater over time, leading in their Phase III (2400-2100 BC) to the emergence of an elite class that they call (really) "the group of Phase III." The gaming board was from one of these graves, and the pit also contained a basket full of dice and counters. Maybe I should have my dice bag buried with me.oldest known artificial eyeball, made of bitumen, thought to have been worn during her lifetime by a woman buried around 2800 BC.